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Glossary of terms for phrases beginning with “C”


Cost and Freight.

Terms of sale.

Seller quotes price including the cost of goods and all transportation charges to the named point of destination.


Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism.


Trade or transport in coastal waters or between two ports/points within a country especially by parties other than domestic carriers. Many countries, such as the USA, have laws requiring domestic-owned vessels to perform domestic interport water transportation services.

Cargo Bays

Doors in a warehouse where vehicles back up to load/unload cargo.

Cargo Manifest (Also referred to as ?Manifest?)

An invoice of all cargo loaded on board a vessel. Listing of all cargo on board a vessel is required by the relevant local authorities.

Carrier’s Certificate

A release order used to advise customs of the details of the shipment, its ownership, port of lading, etc. By means of this document the carrier certifies that the firm or individual named in the certificate is the owner or consignee of the cargo. A U.S. Customs form used in lieu of a bill of lading.


Cubic Metre.

1 cubic metre = 35,314 cubic feet.


Container slot where container fits into place on vessel.


Container Freight Station.

Location designated by the ocean carrier for the receiving and delivering of a shipment, and for assembly and distribution of shipments into or out of steamship line containers. Most LCL cargos are either packed into the CFS. The carrier may store empty containers at a CFS but not receive or deliver containers.


Trailer or wheeled unit on which a container is placed in order to move container over the road.


Cost, Insurance and Freight.

For more information see:

Claim Tracer

Request for advice concerning the status of a claim.

Clean On Board

A clause inserted in the bill of lading by some shipping/transportation companies, stating that they have not noted or are not familiar with any irregularities or discrepancies in the packing or in the general condition of any part of the goods or its description.


Codabar is a variable length barcode that can encode 16 data characters including 0-9, plus the symbols – $ ; / . +. Codabar is used primarily for numeric data.

Code 128 Auto

Code 128 is a variable length barcode capable of encoding the entire 128 character ASCII character set. Code 128 allows three subsets, A, B and C. This version, "Code 128 Auto", automatically selects the subset that will produce the smallest barcode.

Code 128A

Code 128 is a variable length barcode capable of encoding the entire 128 character ASCII character set. Code 128 allows three subsets, A, B and C. This subset (A) allows all standard upper case alpha-numeric keyboard characters plus control characters.

Code 128B

Code 128 is a variable length barcode capable of encoding the entire 128 character ASCII character set. Code 128 allows three subsets, A, B and C. This subset (B) allows all standard upper case alpha-numeric keyboard characters and lower case alpha characters.

Code 128C

Code 128 is a variable length barcode capable of encoding the entire 128 character ASCII character set. Code 128 allows three subsets, A, B and C. This subset (C) includes a set of 100 digit pairs from 00 to 99 inclusive. This allows double density numeric digits, two digits per barcoded character.

Code 3 of 9

This barcode is an alphanumeric barcode allowing upper case letters and numbers. Each character consists of nine elements. 3 of the nine elements are wide, hence the name "3 of 9".

Code 93

Code 93 is an alpha-numeric barcode allowing upper case letters and numbers. BarCode/VBX will convert lower case letters to upper case before encoding them.


Container on Flat Car

Rail service whereby a container is loaded onto a flat car without chassis, bogies or wheels.

Combined Transport Bill of Lading

Provides a combined transport by at least two different modes of transportation from a place from which the goods are taken to a place designated for delivery.

Commercial Invoice

A document produced by the shipper/seller of goods which contains an accurate description of the merchandise and the country of origin. All items are itemised and with actual price.


A specification of goods/product types, e.g. toys, electronics or welding machinery.

Common Point

Point reached by two or more transportation lines.

Common Tariff

Tariff published by or for the account of two or more transportation lines as issuing carriers.

Company Guarantee

A letter of guarantee from a company indemnifying the carrier of responsibility associated with the release of goods in lieu of a bill of lading.


Defined in the 1984 Shipping Act as: … an association of ocean common carriers permitted, pursuant to an approved or effective agreement, to engage in concerted activity and to utilise a common tariff; but the term does not include a joint service, consortium, pooling, sailing or transshipment arrangement.

It is basically a group of steamship companies offering equitable freight rates, standardised shipping practices and regularly scheduled services between designated ports. These arrangements are given anti-trust immunity as authorised by the 1984 Shipping Act.


Person to whom something is consigned or shipped and entitled to take delivery.


Person who consigns something (as the goods of an individual shipment). See also shipper.


The placing of LCL/LTL cargo from several sources into a container in order to fill the container and obtain a better per-unit cost for shipping.

Consular Invoice

Document required by some foreign countries, showing exact information as to consignor, consignee, value description etc. for a shipment.


Weatherproof box designed for the shipment of freight, generally used for overseas shipments. The container is separable from the chassis when loaded onto vessels or rail cars.

Container Depot

Location, other than a container yard, maintained by or on behalf of an ocean carrier at which shippers or consignees may pick up or drop off empty equipment. No loaded containers may be received at CDs and such locations may not be owned or controlled by a shipper or his agent.

Container Stuffing List (CSL)

List showing how cargo is stowed in each container.

Container Yard (CY)

Area adjacent to the vessel berth where containers are delivered to and received from the vessel or inland carrier.

Continuous Flow Distribution (CFD)

The streamline pull of products in response to customer requirements while minimising the cost of distribution.

Continuous Replenishment Program (CRP)

A program that triggers the manufacturing and movement of a product through the supply chain when the identical product is purchased by an end user.

Contract Carrier

For-hire interstate operators which offer transportation services to certain shippers under contracts.

Core Competency

A company’s primary function considered essential to its success.


Carriage Paid To.

For more information see:


The process of moving merchandise directly from the receiving dock to the shipping dock, eliminating the need to place the merchandise in storage.

Customs Entries

Consumption Entry Form required by U.S. Customs for importing goods into the United States. The form contains information as to the origin of the cargo, a description of the merchandise and estimated duties applicable to the particular commodity. Estimated duties must be paid at the time the entry is filled.

Immediate Delivery Entry is used to expedite clearance of cargo. It allows up to ten days for the payment of estimated duty and processing of the consumption entry. In addition, it permits the delivery of the cargo prior to payment of the estimated duty and then allows for the subsequent filing of the consumption entry and duty. Also known as an ID entry.

Immediate Transportation Entry allows the cargo to be moved from the pier to an inland destination via a bonded carrier without the payment of duties or finalisation of the entry at the port of arrival. Known as an IT entry.

Transportation and Exportation Entry allows goods coming from or going to a third country, such as Canada or Mexico, to enter the United States for the purpose of transshipment. Known as a T&E entry.

Vessel Repair Entry is the law known as the "Foreign Vessel Repair Statute". It provides that when any repairs in a foreign country are made on a vessel documented under the laws of the United States, an ad valorem duty of 50% is imposed on the cost of repair, including labour and labour costs, when the vessel arrives in the United States. All equipment, parts or materials purchased, and repairs made outside the United States must be declared on Customs Form 226 (CF-226) and filed at the port of first arrival within 5 working days.

Customs House Broker

Independent broker certified by the U.S. Bureau of Customs to act for importers and businessmen in the handling of customs formalities and other details of importing and exporting goods.

Cut-Off Time

Last possible time when containers/cargoes may be delivered to a ship or designated point.

Cycle Count

Counting inventory by checking a particular location or set of locations and comparing the physical counts with the system-maintained inventory levels.

Cycle Time

The amount of time it takes to complete a business process. For example, the amount of time from when a service is ordered until it is received by the customer.

Cycle Time Reduction

The process of reducing cycle time, cutting costs and improving customer service.