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Glossary of terms for phrases beginning with “I”


Independent Action.

A carrier can take an independent action in a conference, resulting in a unique rate for that carrier within a conference; ability to file a rate independently of other carriers' actions.


International Maritime Control Organisation. See IMO.

IMCO Classification

International Maritime Control Organisation classification for hazardous cargo.


Goods and services which one country's residents purchase and transport from another country into their own country.


Import Shipment.

INCO Terms

Incoterms 2000 is the latest version of ICC's standard trade definitions, commonly known as the INCO terms. The terms consist of 13 rules which are fundamental to international trade, defining the most important responsibilities of buyers and sellers in international sales contracts. Incoterms are a basic reference for sales contracts, recognised as the international standard by customs authorities and courts everywhere. Since they were first published in 1936, Incoterms – a trademarked ICC product – have been updated six times.

For more information, see:

Independent Action

A separate action taken by an individual member of a conference agreement to change rates or terms of carriage as laid out in the conference agreements.

Independent Carrier

Carrier that is not a member of a shipping conference.

Inland Carrier

Transportation company which hauls imports or exports between ports and inland points.

Insurance Certificate

Document which assures the consignee that insurance is provided to cover loss or damage to the cargo while in transit.

A certificate issued by an insurer to a shipper (or other party) as evidence that a shipment of merchandise is covered under a marine policy.

Integrated Carriers

Carriers that have both air and ground fleets or other combinations, such as sea, rail and truck. They usually handle thousands of small parcels an hour.

Interleaved 2 of 5

This is strictly a numeric barcode. Each encoded character is made up of five elements, two are wide and three are narrow. The number of characters to be printed must be an even number. If the number of characters to be printed is odd, a zero will be appended to the beginning of the code.


Coordinated transport of freight, especially in connection with relatively long-haul movements, using any combination of freight forwarders, piggy-back, containerisation, air freight, assemblers, rail and road.

Intermodal Marketing Company (IMC)

Consolidates container loads or piggyback trailers from several shippers and contracts with railroads for volume space.

International Freight Forwarders

Freight forwarders that handle booking, paperwork and consolidation of exports.

Inventory Carrying Costs

Generally, carrying costs or holding costs are financial measurements that calculate all the costs associated with holding goods in storage. It includes inventory-in-storage, warehousing, obsolescence, deterioration, spoilage and labour costs, as well as insurance and taxes.

Inventory Turnover

The cost of goods sold, divided by the average level of inventory on hand. The ratio measures how many times a company's inventory has been sold during the year.

Inventory Velocity

The speed with which products move from receiving dock to shipping dock.


Inland Point Intermodal.

Cargo moving via land from/to an inland point.

See also Micro Bridge.


Information System Agreement.

Leading organisation of ocean carriers that develops, promotes and implements electronic commerce solutions for the maritime industry.


(1) Immediate Transportation Entry: refers to an IT entry (U.S. Customs). Allows the cargo to move beyond the vessel entry point in bond for customs clearance at the destination named in the I.T. movement from one customs district to another, e.g. cargo entering the U.S. at Los Angeles destined for Chicago can move to Chicago before having a customs inspection.

(2) Information Technology: A generic term for people or systems working toward business improvement.


International Transport Implementation Guidelines Group.

ITIGG is an international group of experts engaged in the development and implementation of UN/EDIFACT-standard messages for electronic trading in the transport industry.

ITIGG is a subgroup of D4, the UN/EDIFACT Message Development Group for Transport.

ITIGG develops recommendations which provide software developers with a series of simple, straightforward tools to assist in designing applications which can be used for trading electronically throughout the world, and to clarify the intentions of the designers of key UN/EDIFACT messages.